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Town Square

Are you interested in participating in the 2012 Land Art Generator Initiative competition and you are looking for the right people to team up with? LAGI Town Square is the place where you can connect. It is a complete social networking engine (built on the elgg platform) that will allow anyone to set up a profile and look around for people who they think would complement their skill set.

For example, an artist can go to the Town Square to meet an engineer, architect, landscape architect, or scientist to help them fully realize their ideas. Conversely, someone of a more technical background can find an artist in the Town Square who has an interesting conceptual idea for which they’d like to provide nuts & bolts details support. Or perhaps you are an environmental activist, or a writer, or anyone with an idea that you’d like to see through.

This site has all of the tools that anyone will need in order to create the perfect collaborative team around their idea. That is its primary purpose. But we also hope that it will serve to connect people of like-minded interests outside of the context of LAGI design teams—to discuss ideas about renewable energy, art and design.

The Town Square site is complementary to the LAGI design competition itself and not an integrated part of the 2012 registration process. You are not required to create a Town Square profile to enter the 2012 competition. 2012 registration will open in January and will be completely separate from Town Square. However, if you create a profile on Town Square, we will migrate that information over to the 2012 design competition site. That way you will already be registered when the design brief goes live in January and you’ll be able to access the design brief and downloads area with your Town Square login information.

Town Square

When you sign up on Town Square, you will be able to provide information about your discipline(s) and team status. This way people will be able to browse other users on the site by discipline and find people with whom they are interested in partnering. For a while we will be building the network, populating it with new profiles. So please take five minutes to create yours now. It’s really easy (you can even one-click login via facebook if you like). Then in a few months, with a critical mass of members, you’ll be able to check back in and find your perfect team!

We encourage you to create a thorough profile and make use of the tools on the site. In this way, others will be able to learn more about you. If they think that you have something to offer their team, they can send you a message directly and privately through the Town Square site.

We’ve created the Town Square networking platform in response to a number of requests for something like this. Because we all don’t have the time to get to know people from across disciplines in our daily lives, Town Square will help to get scientists working with architects, working with electrical engineers, and landscape architects, and artists, and social activists, and writers…all working together to innovate the ways in which we think about design and public infrastructure of the sustainable city.

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PENDRY ARTLAB
The multimedia artist Michael Pendry worked with Siemens AG to create an installation on November 29, 2009 on the one 100 foot tall wind turbine near the Munich Allianz-Arena (by Herzog & de Meuron). Over 9000 Osram LEDs were affixed to the rotor blades of the turbine and choreographed to create patterns in response to the colors of the arena façade illumination.

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NY Times – Turbine-Free Wind Power from Antfood on Vimeo.

We think that there is a lot of potential for this combination of wind and piezoelectrics for public art installations.
More about Professor Francis Moon’s Vibro-Wind Research Team can be found here.

Prototype in action:

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WindNest

Trevor Lee, Clare Olsen
Designed for Site #2 in Abu Dhabi, between Saadiyat Island and Yas Island.


Design Submission for the 2010 Land Art Generator Initiative Design Competition

Artist’s descriptive text:
Simultaneously embedded in the landscape and floating in the air, WindNest is a macro scale land art installation that harnesses wind and sun energy for performative effects. The multi-stranded system grows from the subtle dunescape at the site, allowing for raised viewing platforms as well as erosion protection and habitat corridors. Hovering above and on the verge of take-off, a network of windsock turbines dynamically registers wind movement across the field, producing both energy and atmospheric effects.

The pragmatic, performative aspects of WindNest are provided through two means of energy collection. One third of the windsocks are covered with solar fabric. In addition, each of the windsocks is fitted with an energy collection turbine. The proposal utilizes low-impact, lightweight materials chosen in consideration of the full life-cycle of the project from material production to construction, maintenance and even after its role as a public art installation. Although the project covers a large area creating a big visual impact, the effects are achieved through humble means.

The nested elements are intended to be hand-woven by local craftspeople. Utilizing regionally harvested materials and human resources, the project proposes to engage the local craft economy, using natural materials and minimizing shipping, contributing to a low environmental footprint. Illusively thin carbon rods embedded in the ground as piles will tether a structural net composed of TENARA® (Teflon) fibers. The ropes, which are UV resistant, will ensure strength over time, but are incredibly thin, having an ethereal and lightweight presence.

low-res version PDF of submitted boards

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Art Sanctuary

Mehdi Sabet, Rami Alotaibi, Sulaf Aburas
Designed for Site #1 in Dubai, near Ras al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary.


Design Submission for the 2010 Land Art Generator Initiative Design Competition

Artist’s descriptive text:
It is not enough to just ‘love nature’ or to want to ‘be in harmony with her. Our relationship to the natural world must occur in a place, and it must be grounded in information and experience. Art Sanctuary seeks to create an outside/inside design, which integrates nature and art into visitors’ lives. The site energy and forces offer clues to the creation of a tranquil realm where man and nature can coexist in harmony.

Inside and under, visitors experience an unfolding series of panoramic views, delighting the eye in every season and drawing the imagination deeper into the lagoon, the sky, and the flora and fauna. The design employs continuously undulating vertical/horizontal/diagonal art forms which span low and high grounds. The simple forms are composed of linear elements made of lightweight fiberglass tubes with exterior photovoltiacs.

Each houses identical micro-wind turbine units attached at one end to capture wind and to produce power that is stored in batteries below ground. The battery storage is then connected to the city power grid. Above the earth, Art Sanctuary is a public realm to accommodate place for meditation and contemplation, conversation and communication, engagement in art making and art installation, leisurely walking, observing nature and capturing moments of light/space/color.

low-res version PDF of submitted boards

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FLEET 1244

Shannon Scovell and Todd Montgomery
Designed for Site #2 in Abu Dhabi, between Saadiyat Island and Yas Island.


Design Submission for the 2010 Land Art Generator Initiative Design Competition

Artist’s descriptive text:
Just as insects reveal the intricacies of their forms by unfurling their wings, the sculptural components of FLEET 1244 expose its layers to invoke a sense of wonderment and splendor. Each turbine engages with the wind, inciting a performance centered around the revelation of this natural phenomenon. The force of the wind sets the outside protective shell in motion. With enough speed, the outer propellers open up. The inner propellers beneath float up to take flight—whirling around, engaging the wind while generating electricity through this carefully choreographed spectacle. The rotations power a generator below, sending electric currents to an onsite substation. The energy is then transmitted from the substation through power lines to provide energy for the grid.

The twelve-hundred and forty-four wind turbines are oriented on a NW-axis in line with the most prominent wind direction for the area. The heights range from 8-30m with a wingspan of 4-15m. These dimensions gradate from the roadside to the water’s edge. Harder shelled aluminum wings encase the softer wings beneath. These outer wings protect the sculpture from hash elements.

A subtle glowing light is emitted from the sculpture. Energy to power the light comes from photovoltaic fibers embedded in the two softer fabric wings. Translucent fiber optic or LED embedded threads and PV cells are woven into the fabric that is stretched around a lightweight aluminum armature. Energy captured is stored within the windmill pole and released to illuminate the sculpture during the night hours. When wind activity is low, the wings are closed and a single strip of light follows the seam where the edges of the inner wings meet.

The complete unfurling of the sculpture occurs when wind speeds are at their peak. The field becomes a destination for art enthusiasts, residents, and meteorological study. Weather forecasters inform the public of seasonal wind speeds, making the unfolding of FLEET1244 an event for Abu Dhabi. Four-thousand and sixty-six wings in total will take flight as the wind drives the performance of the art; a spectacle of a glowing rotating canopy overhead. The field comes to life as the wind agitates the sculptural elements in the landscape. Passing across the site, the wind becomes visible as the art registers the activity of the air current. The invisible element becomes visible, demonstrating its energy potentials.

Viewing of the field can be from the water, on land, or in passing by the piece on the adjacent roadway. The piece comes to life in plan and section when agitated by the wind. Viewing platforms have not been included in the design because the piece is wholly visible from a distance. There will be a vista point, similar to that of a freeway or highway offshoot in which visitors can park to look up at the landscape before them. Due to safety precautions the art may not be easily accessible up close, but readily experienced from a distance. We propose that during an event, portions of the adjacent land can be sectioned off for visitors to enjoy the art and take in the vastness of the space.

low-res version PDF of submitted boards

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Mariyan Nasirpour and Behnaz Farahi Bouzanjani
Designed for Site #2 in Abu Dhabi, between Saadiyat Island and Yas Island.


Design Submission for the 2010 Land Art Generator Initiative Design Competition

Artist’s descriptive text:
The main concept of this project is “interactivity” with environmental parameters such as wind, solar energy, and water. The land is a transformative power of wind, sun and sea. In our estimation, interaction of this kind of projects with surrounding environment would provide a panoramic insight into sustainable future cities.

Site of this project is located on a stretch of waterfront off the road that connects Yas Island to Saadiyat Island. In a sense, any intervention in this area takes a considerable attention to the natural parameters.

Rarely a context has such dynamism and interaction between natural powers. Here should be a new concept of time, one that is ever‐changing as nature. An uncertain strategy (rather than a finished composition) that responds to its context by integrating and fusing with it. Intervention must only take place to simplify actual operation of wind, water and sun. As the result of this interaction, form and function will co‐evolve spontaneously resulting in mutable surfaces. This mutable surface will affect its immediate environment while it is affected by them.

As a context, nature has subjective boundaries. Where sea ends green starts and where green ends soil starts. Our land-based interventions take a variety of forms and motions and cover part of whole site in colored pinwheels.

This land art is composed of 20,000 colorful pinwheel modules containing motions (vertically and axially) and producing energy. In each moment in a day, according to the wind direction and its intensity, this land art transforms into a spectacle of dancing pinwheels and water. Moreover, during the day, it makes shadows underneath while converting wind power to electricity, cooling its immediate surroundings. At sunset, this work of art turns into a sparkling scenery of light, like a pinwheel galaxy.

As we consider function of this land art as a clean energy generator we take into account following parameters:

  • Wind flow direction changes between night and day where land meets water: Land heats up during the day more quickly than water, causing warmer and more buoyant air to rise. Cooler air over the water begins to push inland creating a breeze. The rising warm air over the land cools and moves over the sea to replace the cold air that moved inland. Land and water absorb and reflect solar energy differently due to their differing specific heat and reflectance characteristics. It takes far more energy to raise the temperature of a pound of water by one degree than a pound of earth. Landmasses typically reflect more of the sun’s energy while bodies of water tend to absorb more. This is illustrated by the fact that 12 to 30 percent reflectance is typical for meadows and fields, compared to 3 to 10 percent reflectance for water surfaces. The resulting temperature differentials ultimately lead to wind, clouds, and rain.
  • This project aimed to design a portable wind turbine capable of generating 6000 kWh per year in a nominally 15 mph wind. The design is a vertical axis wind turbine with two half‐cylinder blades and an interchangeable shaft to allow for a hand crank. The drive shaft powers a generator which stores electrical energy by charging a battery while a microcontroller monitors an ammeter to control RPMs. The product can power a communication device in remote areas or in power‐loss emergencies.
  • Surface of pinwheel is covered by Solar Ivy by SMIT. Solar Ivy is a solar energy‐generation and delivery system inspired by ivy. Solar Ivy’s unique visual appeal and flexibility brings a technology traditionally restricted to the any architectural surface. It has the ability to provide varying degrees of opacity to modulate heat gain, light transmission and view. In this project the leaves are made of 100% recyclable polyethylene and are available in a variety of colors and opacities which make the land art livelier. The Solar Ivy will increase the pinwheel surface friction in order to catch winds.
  • This pinwheel water pump reduces atmospheric air pressure inside the pump chamber. Atmospheric pressure extends down into the sea level channels, and forces water up the pipe into the pump to balance the reduced pressure.

low-res version PDF of submitted boards

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Subarquitectura
Fernanco Valderrama Garre, Andres Silanes Calonge, and Calos Bañon
Designed for Site #2 in Abu Dhabi, between Saadiyat Island and Yas Island.


Design Submission for the 2010 Land Art Generator Initiative Design Competition

Artist’s descriptive text:
Global weather disturbances like global warming are proof that weather and climate are not impervious to human intervention. If we can alter the weather inadvertently – throught technological recklessness – we can also alter it willfully.

CLIMATE ART GENERATOR is what is trying to avoid, a human-induced climate change. It is contradictory, seemingly. Is a device that produces clean energy and generates a local climate change as an artistic experience. It is not produced by humans, just induced.

A great opportunity for us to rethink about the modern age culture of controlling everything. Weather is the center of a technological debate. Our cultural anxiety about the weather can be attributed to its unpredictability. As an expression of nature, the unpredictability of weather points out the limitations of technological culture. While advanced methods of detection and tracking help to warn and thus protect us from the ravages of nature, the weather is unstoppable. It’s beyond our control.

CLIMATE ART GENERATOR is not inspired by nature, is activated by nature. As a secondary expression of nature, hasn’t a constant shape. Is recursive, created by the weather and weather modifier. An alteration that unleashes a reaction.

It is the inflection point in a field of vectors. Form follows equation. It is mathematical. It has a maximum and a minimum. If stops, nothing happens. If nothing happens, stops. Can’t control it, just enjoy! It´s predictable as weather. It´s unpredictable as weather.

Activates human attraction to natural phenomena. Being local, concentrated, becomes tangible and therefore emotional. While changes in time, allows us to relate inputs and learn, an educational experience.

By avoiding CO2 emissions and cancelling their effects, is both preventive and active. Has a double positive impact. We use a hybrid strategy that combines global long term and a local short time consequences.

As a vertical windmill, it harnesses the kinetic energy of the wind to generate 1500kW of clean electricity. Doesn´t need to face into the prevailing winds, eliminating the need for a yaw mechanism. It works, but converting wind into electricity and transporting it means that a lot of energy is lost. In a more direct way, part of the energy generated is dedicated to pump sea water to the top, accumulating potential energy. There is no water accumulation. In a continuous process, water falls inside the blades accelerated by the force of gravity.

When you spray saltwater into the air, you create nuclei that cloud condenses around, creating bigger and whiter clouds, thus bouncing more sunlight back into space. The idea is to increase the amount of sunlight reflected back into space from the tops of thin, low-level clouds

Clouds are a key component of the Earth’s climate system. They can both heat the planet by trapping the longer-wavelength radiation given off from the Earth’s surface and cool it by reflecting incoming shorter wavelength radiation back into space. The greater weight of the second mechanism means that, on balance, clouds have a cooling effect.

A new type of oasis is created. As humidity rises, vegetation can colonize the plot. Mangrove trees grow in tropical and subtropical areas. With the natural availability of these shrubs in several coastal areas in the UAE, they can reduce desertification impacts.

Nobody knows the size of the CLIMATE ART GENERATOR. It´s as big as the effects that produces. It’s not dangerous but doesn’t seem safe. Is shaped like a catastrophe, but provides benefits.

low-res version PDF of submitted boards

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Forests of Wind

Edwin Cheong
Designed for Site #2 in Abu Dhabi, between Saadiyat Island and Yas Island.


Design Submission for the 2010 Land Art Generator Initiative Design Competition

Artist’s descriptive text:
The idea of the landart proposal was to experiment with the poetry of making visible the unseen / uncommonly seen occurences.

To be able to “see” wind by day via the windmill kinetic movement.
To be able to “see” wind by night via the lighted spinning cups.
To be able to “see a dense forest” of “trees” in a desert climate.
To be able to “see sand dunes” on a relatively flat relief site.

The landart attempts to “de-materialise” the dune to create possible event spaces during the day and night. During the day, light canvases can be creatively stretch across its lateral tie cables to form shades while during the night, the public will experience being clothed under a “blanket of glittering stars.”


See www.flickr.com/photos/carlerfur/ for this and other videos of the artist’s work, including some constructed variations on similar theme

The “Forest of Wind” LandArt is proposed to be located at Site2 Abu Dhabi. The site is able to accommodate up to 8 modules, each being able to be added in phases. Each module measures around 198x198m and is arranged linear along the water edge. Each module have a density range of
1089 to 4356 “trees”.

Wind speed as little as 3.8m/s is able to charge the turbine. a wind speed of 8m/s is able to produce 414w of energy on each 48v load of windmill “tree”. While the LED will only need 14w at nightfall. The rest of the 400w will be distributed to the grid.

With each tree being able to produce up to 414w (from 8km/s wind), each module will be capable of producing 1.8mw of energy. The maximum 8 modules in the site will be able to produce 14.4mw to support some 8,000 households while glittering beautifully on the site like dunes of stars.

The mills of the “trees” rotates easily on windy days to turn the Permenant Magnet Alternator (PMA) Dynamo located at the shaft. During the day, the goldish brass convex surface of the cups provide a glittering effect to the whole “forest” as they spin. During the night, the cups’ concave surfaces containing low energy LED periodically “charges” the highly bright industrial strength Super Phosphorescent Paint (SPP), thereby giving the “starry sparkles” for the de-materialized dune. The already negligible energy spent on the LEDs is further reduced by the use of SPP.

The creative energy effiecient lighting combo of LED+ super phosphorescent paint works this way –
Super Phosphorescent Paint has an extremely bright glow in the dark paint. It is 5 times brighter than the popular green zinc-based glow in the dark products available in most department stores. Technically, it will continue to glow for days. After a 10 minute charge from 1000lx. It will have a glow of approximately 1000mcd/m2 for the next 10min. Therefore, in working with a led by alternating every 10 minutes, the landart not only saves on energy but has a pleasant light “change” display quality.

PHASES + “UPGRADABILITY”
+ The 8 modules of Landart can be implemented in phases.
+ The Permenant Magnet Alternator inside accessible shaft for servicing and future “upgrades” of more efficient alternators.

low-res version PDF of submitted boards

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Air Pipe Forest

Fai Lam
Designed for Site #3 in Abu Dhabi, on Airport Road near Masdar City.


Design Submission for the 2010 Land Art Generator Initiative Design Competition

Artist’s descriptive text:
50% of energy used in UAE goes to cooling. We proposed a new type of energy plant other than simply producing electricity.

The project starts to work on the major electricity use burden, i.e. cooling. The pipe forest proposes a new way but also Arabic ancient way of cooling air through the cool underground earth and water table. Electricity from wind power and solar power are minimized for supporting system.

The project questions the traditional way of power plant design and it proposes a new way to supply energy directly to the users.. The project proposes cooling air for the twin city by using the cool earth and water table below the desert. Numerous Wind Catchers are planted into the soil and draw in hot air from the sky into the soil. All the fresh air caught is compressed into air tank which is drawn below the underground water table. Cool Air from the storage tank are distributed (like main water supply) into the city buildings through insulated vent air duct along highway, then to the city centres.

All wind catchers are powered by the solar panels and the wind turbine towers. Extra energy from the PV panels and wind turbine towers are transmitted into the national electricity grid as clean electricity energy to the city.

low-res version PDF of submitted boards

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