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Sediment Spores

Kurt Franz and Come Menage
Designed for Site #3 in Abu Dhabi, on Airport Road near Masdar City.

Design Submission for the 2010 Land Art Generator Initiative Design Competition

Artist’s descriptive text:

“One of the inscriptions of time (whose irreversibility is demonstrated by the law of entropy), dust is, sociologically speaking, an index. Duchamp put his finger on this indexical quality quite precisely, when he let dust accumulate in layers of differing thicknesses (and thus different durations) on his Large Glass (1915-23) in order to obtain degrees of transparency and of varied colors once a fixative was applied. Elevage de poussiere(Dust Breeding) (1920), the photograph he had Man Ray take at this point…” -Rosalind E. Krauss

According to Georges Bataille entropy is, by definition, excess energy; an overproduction. The current world is heavily investing in renewable energy due to new laws, potential carbon taxes, etc., in which energy technological efficiencies will grow exponentially coinciding with Moore’s Law. If people are unable to control this growing energy production, the future will face the same problem we do today, excess energy we call waste and therefore the ability to store energy efficiently is more critical than producing clean energy itself.

Interestingly enough, Abu Dhabi finds itself at the center of this polemic being one of the worlds largest oil suppliers. This mass amount of stored energy has created a rapidly growing city and population that has produced excess tertiary space in its sprawl development. However, these spaces will eventually grow to the density of the city itself but it is uncertain the future energy that will facilitate such growth knowing that oil wells will inevitably run out. Many nations have been investing in their underground salt mines to store energy in the highly efficient form of compressed air. Why could not Abu Dhabi do the same with their oil wells, augmenting space devoid of its original use?

Sediment Spores puts into place a similar initiative by using devoid space and excess materials and matter from city growth to create bulbous caverns of compressed air energy storage/solar energy production land art piece on Site 3. The interest of entropy, waste and excess was derived from the context of the site, energy production, and past land artists such as Robert Smithson and conceptual artist Marcel Duchamp. The site itself is a leftover space that is blocked from view by foliage. Such places are only noticed, or not noticed, once created. That is to say, “we only see the dust once it has settled.” The site is situated between 3 freeways near the airport and seemed to have the least value of the three sites thus proving the most potential.

The project addresses the “structural blindness”, as Smithson puts it, of waste in the building process. By using excavated soil from building(waste) as an instrument and a particular sand calcifying bacteria behavior as an architecture, the proposal intends to challenge viewers perception of how space in a rapidly growing city is created and understood by creating new material structures with waste by looking at systems of nature. This is not to battle entropy but on the contrary, to embrace it showing it’s repressed potentials in an urban context.

The forms of the Sediment Spores are derived from the behaviors of its constructors. A study of Bacillus pasteurii movements and actions(a sand calcifying bacteria that is able to turn sand into solid stone in a 24 hour period) created emergent forms from our Java based 3D algorithmic visual script. The resulting forms are scaled up and placed onsite to accommodate the proper amount of energy storage to serve a large enough audience as well as the amount of incoming excavated building soil from development growth.

Excavated soil from building development as well as the increase of sewage systems necessary both contribute to Sediment Spores production. By placing sand molds created from the emergent forms on Site 3, dumping excavated soil in them and adding calcifying bacteria with urine(urea is a key component of urine and is a key component in the bacteria’s calcifying process) the project parallels the process of Large Glass but on the scale of the city. When the city grows so does our project. The resulting complex and organic patterning allows for multiple spatial features, incremental growth with the Abu Dhabi’s development, and different animal habitats which allowing for public viewing and interaction while performing as a solar energy harvesting and compressed air energy storage for thousands of homes.

The project Sediment Spores proposes a new layering of soil in the AUE’s rich geographical setting. Like Duchamp and Smithson, the project takes the waste of a fast growing city (the newest geological layer) and uses its inherent characteristics of it creating an unique solar production landscape of compressed air energy storage and art. Additionally, the project speaks about today’s use of technology and energy in the everyday and in the art and design process by using Java based algorithmic scripting as a new drawing tool to generate multiple forms and solutions. The site specific project draws connections between past energy uses, contemporary building growth and future energy practice in order to augment the viewers thought about their everyday environment by revealing nature, growth, and energy in a different way.

low-res version PDF of submitted boards

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Lukasz Gawlas and Krzysztof Leszczynski
Designed for Site #1 in Dubai, near Ras al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary.

Land Art Generator Initiative
Design Submission for the 2010 Land Art Generator Initiative Design Competition

Artist’s descriptive text:
THE GRID: girih tiles
Looking back in time to art and architecture of Arab World, it’s hard not to see their close connection with geometry. Highly developed mathematics must have impressed other fields in many ways. Geometry as a graphic representation of mathematics ruled the architectural form and ornamentation. The latter was usually based on hexagonal or octagonal grid which defined periodic tessellated patterns able to cover entire walls with repetitive motives. However, the real turning point came with decagonal grid, which made it possible to generate aperiodic tessellated patterns. This ornamentation system, composed of a few types of tiles, called girih tiles, creates in fact the pattern of ‘regular irregularity’. Moreover, girih tiles behave in a way that fractals do. The composition of tiles in particular scale can create the same types in a large scale.

Land Art Generator Initiative

The mesh is spanned between rare columns. The wires follow decagonal grid and bears girih tiles shaped photovoltaic panels. Panels are disposed in strict geometry, as geometry was never abandoned by founders and ancestors of this place. During a ramble under this geometrical ceiling the shadow intensity changes. From nearly full sunlit towards deep shadows, where the Sun put only glimpses of scattered light and invokes mashrabiya motives.

The whole structure is floating above the desert in motionless, suspended state. The hovered man-made cloud gives shadow and asylum from omnipresent sunlight.

Under the shade of aerial structure, the ground level is organized upon the same decagonal grid with landscape elements attached to it. Communication and the canals follow girih tiles geometry. Also positions of landscape elements like water towers, commercial center, athletic stadium, and amphitheatre all result from using the grid.

There is a wide span of landscape types on the site. Predominant element is the desert type natural landscape interweaved with desert vegetation areas. It represents the strict life limitations. On the other hand, there is a water flow on the site and all the vivid commercial and leisure elements that are true catalysts of life. The juxtaposition of these different types creates the tension on the area and breaks the monotony of the desert. The land art mosaic is created.

Land Art Generator Initiative

Four slender towers exceed above the height of the photovoltaic carpet. Prevailing over the vicinity, they emphasize the role they play in power plant installations.
Water towers are in fact the pump-storage hydroelectricity capable of storing electric power created by photovoltaics. They return electric energy when photovoltaics stop to create it.

During towers daily cycle, thousand of liters travel from the top tank towards the water reservoir underneath and back. All ground level water reservoirs are connected by canals. They are deep and narrow to avoid excessive evaporation. The water reservoirs and canals are connected with the bay creating communicated vessels system.

The primary aim of water towers is storing the electrical power. Nevertheless, as they use water for this purpose, they produce water current that makes the water in the canals flow. This is used to create whitewater course. At the top of each tower a viewing platform is located.

The construction of the towers is based on hyperboloid structures, which are characterized by high strength and low material use.

low-res version PDF of submitted boards

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