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LAND ART, also known as earth art, is art in which the landscape or natural elements often form the basis for the artwork. Artists may create artworks directly in the landscape, utilizing their natural surroundings and integrating the landscape itself into their work. Conversely, artists may also incorporate natural elements into works exhibited in gallery spaces. Land Art emerged in the southwestern United States during the late 1960s, and culminated in the mid-1970s. Since the 1970s, much Land Art has been absorbed into the broader realm of Environmental Art, as many artists began working in more urban and public spaces. Today, Land Art remains an integral part of Environmental Art, with artists practicing in many places around the world including Japan, South Africa, the Middle East, and Australia.

Robert Smithson
agnes denes
Agnes Denes is one of the early pioneers of environmental art. For her project titled Wheatfield – A Confrontation (1982) she planted a two-acre field of wheat in the Battery Park Landfill in downtown Manhattan. It yielded 1,000 lbs. of wheat in the middle of New York City.


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